- Country of manufactureBelarus
Potassium chloride in the chemical relation represents salt of hydrochloric acid. Production it is based on enrichment of mineral ores Silvina and carnallite and is carried out on two technologies. The Galurgichesky way consists in processing of ores saturated and hot solution of salts. At the same time, because of the increased solubility chloride of potassium forces out sodium chloride then as a result of centrifugation receive pure salt of dirty-white color. The method of flotation is based on various wettability of components of ore thanks to which there is a division of separate small ground particles. Color of the chloride of potassium received at this way varies from pink to brick-red.
Potassium chloride is made in two forms: small (crystal) and granulated (pressed). In most cases the product is processed by reagents from a slezhivayemost.
Chloride of potassium is used for receiving potassium chloride, carbonic and caustic potassium, at oil production is applied in the course of layer hydraulic fracturing, in insignificant volumes is used in production of pyrotechnics and rubbers, and also in the glass, metallurgical, chemical, tsellyulozo-paper, paint and varnish, soap-producing, perfumery, textile, tanning and food industry. It is somewhat used in medicine. But the main consumer of this chemical compound – agriculture.
In pharmacology pure (not processed by reagents from a slezhivayemost) chloride potassium is appointed for completion of potassium in an organism, at heart and some other diseases.
In agriculture around the world, including in Ukraine, calcium chloride – the main fertilizer for entering of potassium into the soil into the main plowing. Besides, it is applied by production of complex three-component fertilizers. Potassium influences productivity of agricultural plants, increases their resilience to diseases, improves tastes and increases possibilities of their transportation and storage. Chloride of potassium has to be brought is dosed, in the form of granules or large crystals and to be used under cultures which poorly react to the content of chlorine in the soil.
Safety requirements, measures of protection during the work with chloride of potassium and norm of introduction of fertilizer under various vegetable and fruit crops are in detail stated in GOST 4568-95.